Loosening and Sliding Behaviour of Bolt-Nut Fastener under Transverse Loading
Department of Mechanical and Systems Engineering, Gifu
Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1193, Japan
2 Mechanical Engineering Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd.,832-2, Horiguchi, Hitachinaka, Ibaraki, 312-0034, Japan
The thread joint has been frequently used for the efficient productivity and maintainability as a machine element. However, many troubles such as loosening of bolted joints or fatigue failure of bolt were often experienced. Many attentions must be paid on the improvement of the strength and the reliability of the thread joints [1, 2]. It is generally said that the fastening axial force rapidly decreases by the rotation loosening of nuts if the relative slippage on the interfaces between nuts and fastened body goes beyond a certain critical limit . This critical relative slippage (Scr) that prescribes the upper limit for preventing the loosening behaviour has been estimated according to the theoretically obtained equation considering the bending deformation of bolt and the geometrical constraint condition. In this paper, firstly we present the equation for estimating the Scr based on the fundamental cantilever deformation model. Then we present the investigated results of the deformation behaviour of bolt-nut joint under transverse loading condition considering the reaction moment by nut (Mn). Finaly we can confirmed that these estimated results of critical relative slippage coincided well with the experimental results [4, 5].
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010