Hyperspectral interferometry for single-shot absolute measurement of 3-D shape and displacement fields
Loughborough University, Wolfson School of Mechanical and
Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough
We propose a method that we call Hyperspectral Interferometry (HSI) to resolve the 2π phase unwrapping problem in the analysis of interferograms recorded with a narrow-band light source. By using a broad-band light source and hyperspectral imaging system, a set of interferograms at different wavenumbers are recorded simultaneously on a high resolution image sensor. These are then assembled to form a three-dimensional intensity distribution. By Fourier transformation along the wavenumber axis, an absolute optical path difference is obtained for each pixel independently of the other pixels in the field of view. As a result, interferograms with spatially distinct regions are analysed as easily as continuous ones. The approach is illustrated with a HSI system to measure 3-D profiles of optically smooth or rough surfaces. Compared to existing profilometers able to measure absolute path differences, the single shot nature of the approach provides greater immunity from environmental disturbance.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010