Measurement of Opening Displacement of Single and Bifurcated Notches by Moiré Interferometry
Toyohashi University of Technology, Tempaku-cho,
2 YEC, Nishikaizuka, Iwata, Shizuoka, 438-0026, Japan
3 JFE Steel Co., Koukan-cho, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, 721-0931, Japan
Static experiments are performed to confirm the COD method that is the only method to measure the energy release rate of fast propagating cracks just after bifurcation. The crack opening displacement (COD) of the mother cracks of bifurcated cracks is measured in static condition by Moiré interferometry. Thin notches are used instead of cracks. The bifurcation angle is 13.5 degrees that is the same as the angle of bifurcation of fast propagating cracks in PMMA. The measured CODs are proportional to the square root of the distance from the nominal tip of the mother notch. Stress intensity factor of the bifurcated notch is obtained from the measured CODs through the formula of the COD of single cracks. The experimental results say that the stress intensity factor of a bifurcated crack has the same value as that of the single crack whose length is the same as that of the bifurcated crack. This is caused by the small bifurcation angle of 13.5 degrees. It is concluded that the COD method is correct to measure the energy release rate of rapidly bifurcating cracks.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010