New BRC neutron evaluations of actinides with the TALYS code: Modelization and first validation tests
CEA, DAM, DIF, 91297 Arpajon, France
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The reader may have a look on references [1–3,5] for more details.
Over the last five years, new evaluations of plutonium and uranium have been performed at Bruyèeres-le-Châtel (BRC) from the resolved resonance region up to 30MeV. Only nuclear reactions models have been used to build these evaluations. Total, shape elastic and direct inelastic cross sections are obtained from a coupled channel model using a dispersive optical potential (BRC, ) devoted to actinides. All the other cross sections are calculated owing to the Hauser-Fesbach theory (TALYS code ).We take particular care over the fission channel. For uranium isotopes, a triple-humped barrier  is required in order to reproduce accurately the variations of the experimental fission cross sections. As not commonly expected, we show  that the effect of the class II or class III states located in the wells of the aforementioned fission barrier provide sometimes an anti-resonant transmission rather than a resonant. With increasing neutron incident energy, a lot of residual nuclei produced by nucleon emission lead to fission also. All available experimental data assigned to the various fission mechanisms of the same nucleus are used to define its fission barrier parameters. As a result of this approach, we are now able to provide consistent evaluations for a large series of isotopes. Of course, our new evaluations have been tested against integral data.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010