Nitromethane ignition observed with embedded PDV optical fibers
CEA, DAM, DIF, 91297 Arpajon, France
For a long time, the nitromethane (NM) ignition has been observed with different means such as high-speed cameras, VISAR or optical pyrometry diagnostics. By 2000, David Goosmann (LLNL) studied solid high-explosive detonation and shock loaded metal plates by measuring velocity (Fabry-Pérot interferometry) in embedded optical fibers. For six years Photonic Doppler Velocimetry (PDV) has become a major tool to better understand the phenomena occurring in shock physics experiments. In 2006, we began to use in turn this technique and studied shock-to-detonation transition in NM. Different kinds of bare optical fibers were set in the liquid; they provided two types of velocity information; those coming from phenomena located in front of the fibers (interface velocity, shock waves, overdriven detonation wave) and those due to phenomena environing the fibers (shock or detonation waves). We achieved several shots; devices were composed of a high explosive plane wave generator ended by a metal barrier followed by a cylindrical vessel containing NM. We present results.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010