Reaction mechanisms in heavy ion fusion
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de
68528, Rio de
Janeiro, R.J., 21941-972,
2 Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litorânea s/n, 24210-340 Niteroi, R.J., Brazil
3 Instituto de Física, Universidade de São Paulo, CP 66318, 05389-970, São Paulo, SP, Brazil
We discuss the reaction mechanisms involved in heavy ion fusion. We begin with collisions of tightly bound systems, considering three energy regimes: energies above the Coulomb barrier, energies just below the barrier and deep sub-barrier energies. We show that channel coupling effects may inﬂuence the fusion process at above-barrier energies, increasing or reducing the cross section predicted by single barrier penetration model. Below the Coulomb barrier, it enhances the cross section, and this effect increases with the system’s size. It is argued that this behavior can be traced back to the increasing importance of Coulomb coupling with the charge of the collision partners. The sharp drop of the fusion cross section observed at deep sub-barrier energies is addressed and the theoretical approaches to this phenomenon are discussed. We then consider the reaction mechanisms involved in fusion reactions of weakly bound systems, paying particular attention to the calculations of complete and incomplete fusion available in the literature.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011