Study of reactions with the weakly bound projectile 9Be with 89Y
Nuclear Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre,
2 Department of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai - 400 005, India
3 Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Huelva, E-21071 Huelva, Spain
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With the aim to investigate the inﬂuence of the breakup channel on different reaction channels, the elastic scattering and fusion of 9Be with the medium mass target 89Y has been studied at near barrier energies. Optical model analysis of the elastic data has been carried out and a dispersion relation applied to the real and imaginary potentials to investigate their energy dependence from which the presence of breakup threshold anomaly has been observed. Complete fusion (CF) cross sections, obtained for 9Be+89Y system, are found to be suppressed by (20 ± 5)% as compared to the coupled-channels calculations without breakup coupling. This observation has been further conﬁrmed by comparing these cross sections with those for the 4He+93Nb and 12C+89Y systems, where fusion is induced by a tightly bound projectile and forms a nearby compound nucleus to that formed by 9Be+89Y. Results from the breakup coupling done in continuum discretized coupled-channels calculations show that the elastic cross sections thus obtained, which also ﬁt the experimental elastic cross sections, are enhanced compared to the uncoupled calculations which implies a reduction in absorption/fusion cross sections. These enhanced cross sections suggest that the dynamic polarization potential produced due to breakup coupling is repulsive in nature. Thus the effective (bare+polarization) potential around the barrier becomes less attractive leading to the absence of the normal threshold anomaly.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011