New prospects in synthesis and study of neutron rich heavy nuclei
Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, JINR, Dubna, Moscow Region, Russia
2 Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, J.W. Goethe-Universität, Frankfurt, Germany
The present limits of the upper part of the nuclear map are rather close to the beta stability line while the unexplored area of heavy neutron rich nuclides (also those located along the neutron closed shell N = 126 to the right hand side of the stability line) is extremely important for nuclear astrophysics investigations and, in particular, for the understanding of the r-process of astrophysical nucleogenesis. For elements with Z > 100 only neutron deﬁcient isotopes (located to the left of the stability line) have been synthesized so far. The “north-east” area of the nuclear map can be reached neither in fusion–ﬁssion reactions nor in fragmentation processes widely used nowadays for the production of new nuclei. Multi-nucleon transfer processes in near barrier collisions of heavy ions seem to be the only reaction mechanism allowing us to produce and explore neutron rich heavy nuclei including those located at the superheavy island of stability. Neutron capture process can be also considered as an alternative method for the production of long-lived neutron rich superheavy nuclei. Strong neutron ﬂuxes might be provided by nuclear reactors and nuclear explosions in laboratory frame and by supernova explosions in nature.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011