Ultrasonic detection of spall damage nucleation under low-velocity repeated impact
1 Meijo University, Department of Vehicle and Mechanical Engineering, 1-501 Shiogamaguchi, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya 468-8502, Japan
2 Nagoya Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Gokisocho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8555, Japan
3 Graduate Student, Meijo University, Department of Transportation Engineering, 1-501 Shiogamaguchi, Tempaku-ku, Nagoya 468-8502, Japan
Repeated plate impact testing with impact stress well below the threshold spall-stress (2.6 GPa) on medium carbon steel was carried out to the identical target plate by impacting the flyer plate. Occurrence of spall damage under low-velocity repeated impact was evaluated nondestructively with a low frequency scanning acoustic microscope. We observed the spall damage distribution by the B- and C-scan images. In order to initiate the spall damage (voids in a ductile material or cracks in a brittle one) the particular value of threshold spall-stress should be exceeded what already belongs to a commonly accepted knowledge. Generally, the spall damage development is dependent on the amplitude and the duration of the stress pulse. If the stress is high and duration is long enough to create tensile failure of material, the voids or cracks nucleate along the spall plane, and consequently, they form macrocracks. Therefore, the spall damage does not create when the first impact stress is less than the threshold spall-stress. However, after the fifth low-velocity repeated impact test, the generation of the spall damage was detected, even if the impact stress (1.1–1.7 GPa) was lower than the threshold spall-stress (2.6 GPa).
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012