Strength and fracture of uranium, plutonium and several their alloys under shock wave loading
Russian Federal Nuclear Center – VNIIEF, Sarov, Russia
Results on studying the spall fracture of uranium, plutonium and several their alloys under shock wave loading are presented in the paper. The problems of influence of initial temperature in a range of − 196 – 800∘C and loading time on the spall strength and failure character of uranium and two its alloys with molybdenum and both molybdenum and zirconium were studied. The results for plutonium and its alloy with gallium were obtained at a normal temperature and in a temperature range of 40–315∘C, respectively. The majority of tests were conducted with the samples in the form of disks 4 mm in thickness. They were loaded by the impact of aluminum plates 4 mm thick through a copper screen 12 mm thick serving as the cover or bottom part of a special container. The character of spall failure of materials and the damage degree of samples were observed on the longitudinal metallographic sections of recovered samples. For a concrete test temperature, the impact velocity was sequentially changed and therefore the loading conditions corresponding to the consecutive transition from microdamage nucleation up to complete macroscopic spall fracture were determined. The conditions of shock wave loading were calculated using an elastic-plastic computer program. The comparison of obtained results with the data of other researchers on the spall fracture of examined materials was conducted.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012