Passive Method to Reduce Solar Energy Effect on the Cooling Load in Buildings
1 College of Engineering, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, KSA
2 Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, KSA
Energy needed for cooling residential and industrial buildings in hot weather countries is the major issue. The period needed for cooling or comfort conditions in those countries exceeds five months and outdoor temperature reaches more than 40 °C. Also, the solar intensity usually high and can reach about one kW per m2. Hence, any attempt to reduce the effect of solar energy on the cooling load is worthy to investigate. The present work analyzes using artificial, naturally ventilated, shading covers to reduce the effect of solar energy. Analytical and numerical analyzes were performed on the effect of adding a ventilated cover to walls and roof exposed to the solar energy.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012