Development of SiPM-based scintillator tile detectors for a multi-layer fast neutron tracker
1 CSIRO, Process Science and Engineering & Minerals Down Under Research Flagship, Lucas Heights, Australia
2 University of Wollongong, Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, Wollongong, Australia
3 Czech Technical University, Institute of Experimental and Applied Physics, Prague, Czech Republic
4 Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Institute of Materials Engineering, Lucas Heights, Australia
5 Amsterdam Scientific Instruments, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
We are developing thin tile scintillator detectors with silicon photomultiplier (SiPM) readout for use in a multi-layer fast-neutron tracker. The tracker is based on interleaved Timepix and plastic scintillator layers. The thin 15 × 15 × 2 mm plastic scintillators require suitable optical readout in order to detect and measure the energy lost by energetic protons that have been recoiled by fast neutrons. Our first prototype used dual SiPMs, coupled to opposite edges of the scintillator tile using light-guides. An alternative readout geometry was designed in an effort to increase the fraction of scintillation light detected by the SiPMs. The new prototype uses a larger SiPM array to cover the entire top face of the tile. This paper details the comparative performance of the two prototype designs. A deuterium-tritium (DT) fast-neutron source was used to compare the relative light collection efficiency of the two designs. A collimated UV light source was scanned across the detector face to map the uniformity. The new prototype was found to have 9.5 times better light collection efficiency over the original design. Both prototypes exhibit spatial non-uniformity in their response. Methods of correcting this non-uniformity are discussed.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2012