SPICES a small space coronagraph to characterize giant and telluric planets in reflected light
1 LESIA, Obs. Paris/CNRS/Univ. Paris 6/Univ. Paris 7, 92195 Meudon, France
2 LUTH, Obs. Paris/CNRS/Univ. Paris 6/Univ. Paris 7, 92195 Meudon, France
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SPICES (Spectro-Polarimetric Imaging and Characterization of Exoplanetary Systems) was proposed in 2010 for a a five-year M-class mission in the context of ESA Cosmic Vision. Its purpose is to image and characterize long-period extrasolar planets located at several AUs (0.5-10 AU) from nearby stars (<25 pc) with masses ranging from a few Jupiter masses down to Super-Earths (∼2 Earth radii, ∼10M⊕), possibly habitable. In addition, circumstellar disks as faint as a few times the zodiacal light in the Solar System can be studied. SPICES is based on a 1.5-m off-axis telescope and can perform spectro-polarimetric measurements in the visible (450–900 nm) at a spectral resolution of about 40. This paper summarizes the top science program and the choices made to conceive the instrument. The performance is illustrated for a few emblematic cases.
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