Energy densities of magnetic field and relativistic electrons at the innermost region of the M87 jet
1 ISAS/JAXA, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Chuo, Sagamihara 252-5210, Japan
2 Department of Earth and Space Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka 560-0043, Japan
3 INAF/IRA, via Gobetti 101, I-40129 Bologna, Italy
4 NAOJ, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8588, Japan
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 December 2013
We explore energy densities of magnetic fields and relativistic electrons in M87 jet. Since the radio core at the base of the M87 jet is the optically thick surface against synchrotron self absorption (SSA), observations directly give the size and turnover frequency for SSA. Using the observed angular diameter 0.11 mas, which corresponds to 16 Schwarzschild radii of the central black hole with 6 × 109 solar mass, and the flux density of the radio core at 43 GHz, we estimate the energy densities of magnetic field (UB) and relativistic electrons (Ue) by comparing the standard SSA formula to the observed radio core. Together with the allowed total kinetic power of the M87 jet, we find that (i) the allowed B is limited in the range 2 G ≤ B ≤ 13 G, and that (ii) 0:18 ≤ Ue/UB ≤ 66 holds. Our results significantly constrain formation mechanism of relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2013
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.