A new insight into the innermost jet regions: probing extreme jet variability with LOFT
1 INAF-IAPS, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00132, Rome, Italy
2 INFN-Roma2, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma, Italy
3 ISDC, Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva, Chemin d’Ecogia 16, 1290 Versoix, Switzerland
4 Department of Physics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy
5 Department of Physics, University of Perugia, I-06123 Perugia, Italy
6 INAF/IASF-Bologna, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
7 INFN/Sezione di Bologna, via C. Berti Pichat 6, 40127 Bologna
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 December 2013
Blazars are highly variable sources over timescales that can be as low as minutes. This is the case of the High Energy Peaked BL Lac (HBL) objects showing strong variability in X-rays, which highly correlates with that of the TeV emission. The degree of this correlation is still debated, particularly when the flaring activity is followed down to very short time scales. This correlation could challenge the synchrotron-self-Compton scenario in which one relativistic electron population dominates the entire radiative output. We argue that the LOFT Large Area Detector (10 m2, LAD), thanks to its unprecedented timing capability, will allow us to detect the X-ray counterpart (2-50 keV) of the very fast variability observed at TeV energies, sheding light on the nature of X-TeV connection. We will discuss the test case of PKS 2155-304, showing as it would be possible to look for any X-ray variability occurring at very short timescales, never explored so far. This will put strong constraints on the size and the location of any additional electron population in the multi-zone scenario. Under this perspective, LOFT and the CTA observatories, planned to operate in the same time frame, will allow us to investigate in depth the connection between X-ray and TeV emissions. We also discuss the potentialities of LOFT in measuring the change in spectral curvature of the synchrotron spectra in HBLs which will make possible to directly study the mechanism of acceleration of highly energetic electrons. LOFT timing capability will be also promising in the study of Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs) with flux ≥ 1 mCrab. Constraints to the location of the high energy emission will be provided by: a) temporal investigation on second timescale; b) spectral trend investigation on minute timescales. This represents a further link with CTA because of the rapid (unexpected) TeV emission recently detected in some FSRQs.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2013
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