Influence of orientation degree of freedom on fission dynamics of higly excited nuclei
Omsk State University, Mira prospekt 55-A, Omsk 644077, Russia
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Published online: 13 December 2013
Four-dimensional dynamical model was developed and employed for study fission characteristics in a wide range of fissility parameter. The three collective shape coordinates plus the K coordinate, which is the spin of the nucleus with respect to the symmetry (fission) axis, were considered dynamically from the ground state deformation till the scission into fission fragments. A modified one-body mechanism for nuclear dissipation with a reduction coefficient ks of the contribution from a “wall” formula have been used in the study. The four-dimensional calculations for heavy nuclei could describe the fission fragment mass-energy distribution (MED) parameters and prescission neutron multiplicity with almost single ks value, in contrast with 3D dynamical calculations, where a consistent description of all observables with the same ks is not possible for heavy nuclei. The estimation of a dissipation coefficient for the orientation degree of freedom γK = 0.077(MeV zs)−1/2 is good for heavy nuclei and lower value of γK = 0.05(MeV zs)−1/2 is needed for nuclei with mass A ≃ 200. The results of 4D and 3D Langevin dynamical calculations for light nuclei near the Businaro-Gallone point predict close results for the fission fragment MED parameters and prescission particles multiplicities.
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