RFQ Reaction Cells for AMS: Developments and Applications
1 Department of Physics & IsoTrace Lab, University of Ottawa, ON, Canada
2 Department of Physics & IsoTrace Lab, University of Toronto, ON, Canada
3 Department of Earth Sciences & IsoTrace Lab, University of Ottawa, ON Canada
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Published online: 19 December 2013
The use of anion-gas interactions in Radiofrequency Quadrupole (RFQ) ion guide reaction cells has been shown to be very effective in the elimination of a number of atomic and molecular isobars which have caused difficulties for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) measurements [1,2]. This presentation begins with a review of the early work leading to the use of ion-gas reactions and continues with a discussion the recent measurements of the efficacy of this technique, some of which involve fluoride molecular anions. However, the transformation of the equipment used for these proof-of-principle measurements into a system suitable for routine analysis has required attention to aspects of the ion beam transport and gas handling subsystems. For example, the cross sections of the ion-gas reactions, involving both the analyte ion as well as the isobar, are critically dependent on the ion energy which has to be reduced from the ion source energy, usually between 20 and 80 keV, to energies typically in the range of several eV, a task complicated by the energy spread and divergence of beams from AMS sputter sources. With simulations using SIMION 8.1  and tests of promising configurations in a laboratory system, principles for the design of the retarder optics have been developed. These are discussed, along with their planned implementation in a next generation analytical system.
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