Physics of quantum measurement and its interdisciplinary applications
1 Department of Physics, Ochanomizu University, Tokyo 112-0012 JAPAN
2 Koyama Observatory, Kyoto-Sangyo University, Kyoto 603-8555 JAPAN
Published online: 29 April 2014
Quantum dynamics of the collective mode and individual particles on a ring is studied as the simplest model of projective quantum measurement. In this model, the collective mode measures an individual single quantum system. The heart of the model is the wide separation of time scales which yields the distinction of classical and quantum degrees of freedom beyond the standard Gross-Pitaevskii equation. In some restricted cases we derive the Born probability rule. This model is the quantum mechanics version of the effective action method in quantum field theory, which describes the origin of the primordial density fluctuation as classical variables. It turns out that the classical version of this same model successfully describes the dynamics of geomagnetic variation including the polarity flips over 160 million years. The essence of this description is again the coexistence of the wide separated time scales.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
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