FePd, FePt, and CoPt alloy epitaxial thin films with flat surface grown on MgO(111) substrate
1 Faculty of Science and Engineering, Chuo University, 1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan
2 Graduate School of Fine Arts, Tokyo University of the Arts, 12-8 Ueno-koen, Taito-ku, Tokyo 110-8714, Japan
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 3 July 2014
FePd, FePt, and CoPt alloy epitaxial films of 40 nm thickness are prepared on MgO(111) singlecrystal substrates by employing two different methods. One is a one-step method consisting of hightemperature deposition at 600 °C and the other is a two-step method consisting of low-temperature deposition at 200 °C followed by annealing at 600 °C. Although the preparation method is different, similar final crystal structures are realized for all the film materials. FePd and FePt alloy films grow on the substrates with six L10(111) variants, whose c-axes are about 35° canted from the substrate surface and rotated around the film normal by 60° each other. The order degrees of FePd and FePt films prepared by one- and two-step methods, (Sone-step, Stwo-step), are estimated to be (0.25, 0.33) and (0.08, 0.15), respectively. On the contrary, L10 ordered phase formation is not recognized for CoPt alloy films. The films prepared by one-step method have rough surfaces surrounded by side facets, whereas the films prepared by two-step method have very flat surfaces with the arithmetical mean roughness of 0.3 nm. The two-step method is useful for preparation of L10 ordered films with flat surface.
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