Experimental estimation of dij coefficients of piezoelectric materials by means of optical microscopy
1 Institute of Advanced Materials, Physicochemical Processes, Nanotechnology and Microsystems, National Center for Scientific Research ‘Demokritos’, 15310, Agia Paraskevi, Greece
2 Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16801, USA
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 3 July 2014
The properties of multiferroic and specifically piezoelectric (PE) materials are, nowadays, intensively investigated by means of well established, however relatively complicate methods. In this work we present a method for the direct visual demonstration of the underlying electro-mechanical processes occurring in PE materials and the estimation of the respective coefficients dij. The method is based on the utilization of optical microscopy for the local observation of the deformation of a PE specimen upon application of an electric field. The direct comparison of the snapshots obtained before and after application of the electric field and simple algebraic calculations enables the estimation of the dij coefficients. The method was evaluated in unpoled single crystals of 0.71Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.29PbTiO3, at room temperature. Various locations of each crystal surface were surveyed. Non-homogeneous electro-mechanical response was observed. Accordingly, the estimated dij coefficients depended on the specific location of the crystal surface. Specifically, the dzx coefficient ranged within 500-1000 pm/V over the investigated locations (for electric fields E<1kV/mm). The present method directly unveils non-homogeneous electro-mechanical processes occurring at the surface of PE crystals and clarifies how these observations can be quantified through the respective dij coefficients.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.