GALS – setup for production and study of heavy neutron rich nuclei
1 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russia
2 Instituut voor Kern-en Stralingsfysica, K.U. Leuven, 3001, Leuven Belgium
3 CERN, 1211, Geneva 23, Switzerland
4 iThemba LABS, Nat. Research Foundation, Somerset West 7129, South Africa
5 Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Hoza 69, PL-00681 Warsaw, Poland
6 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Menoufiya University, Shibin El-kom, Menoufiya, Egypt
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 29 January 2015
The present limits of the upper part of the nuclear map are very close to stability while the unexplored area of heavy neutron-rich nuclides along the neutron closed shell N = 126 below 208Pb is extremely important for nuclear astrophysics investigations and, in particular, for the understanding of the r-process of astrophysical nucleosynthesis. This area of the nuclear map can be reached neither in fusion–fission reactions nor in fragmentation processes widely used nowadays for the production of exotic nuclei. A new way was recently proposed for the production of these nuclei via low-energy multi-nucleon transfer reactions. The estimated yields of neutron-rich nuclei are found to be significantly high in such reactions and several tens of new nuclides can be produced, for example, in the near-barrier collision of 136Xe with 208Pb. A new setup is proposed to produce and study heavy neutron-rich nuclei located along the neutron closed shell N=126.
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