Measurement of Cyclic Flows in Trachea Using PIV and Numerical simulation
1 Brno University of Technology, Technická 2896/2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
2 Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, Centrale Marseille, IRPHE UMR 7342, F-13384, Marseille, France
3 Avignon University, LAPEC EA4278, F-84000, Avignon, France
Published online: 6 May 2015
Inhalation of pharmaceutical aerosols is a convenient way to treat lung or even systemic diseases. For effective treatment it is very important to understand air flow characteristics within respiratory airways and determine deposition hot spots. In this paper the air flow in trachea was investigated by numerical simulations. To validate these results we carried out particle image velocimetry experiments and compared resulting velocity fields. Simplified geometry of respiratory airways from oral cavity to 4th generation of branching was employed. Air flow characteristics were analysed during sinusoidal breathing pattern for light activity conditions (period 4 s and tidal volume 1 l). The observed flow fields indicated that the flow in trachea is turbulent during the sinusoidal flow except phases of flow turnarounds. The flow was skewed to front side of the trachea during inspiration and had twin-peak profile during expiration because of the mixing from daughter branches. The methods were compared and good agreement was found. This validation of CFD simulation can result into its further usage in respiratory airflow studies.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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