Experimental characterization and macro-modeling of mechanical strength of multi-sheets and multi-materials spot welds under pure and mixed modes I and II
1 LAMIH, UMR CNRS 8201, University of Valenciennes, 59313 Valenciennes Cedex 9, France
2 LA2MP, National Engineering School of Sfax (ENIS), Route de Soukra, BP. W, 3038 Sfax, Tunisia
a e-mail: Rim.Chtourou@etu.univ-valenciennes-.fr
b e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
c e-mail: Nicolas.Leconte@univ-valenciennes.fr
d e-mail: email@example.com
e e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
f e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2015
Resistance Spot Welding (RSW) of multiple sheets with multiple materials are increasingly realized in the automotive industry. The mechanical strength of such new generation of spot welded assemblies is not that much dealt with. This is true in particular for experiments dedicated to investigate the mechanical strength of spot weld made by multi sheets of different grades, and their macro modeling in structural computations. Indeed, the most published studies are limited to two sheet assemblies. Therefore, in the first part of this work an advanced experimental set-up with a reduced mass is proposed to characterize the quasi-static and dynamic mechanical behavior and rupture of spot weld made by several sheets of different grades. The proposed device is based on Arcan test, the plates contribution in the global response is, thus, reduced. Loading modes I/II are, therefore, combined and well controlled. In the second part a simplified spot weld connector element (macroscopic modeling) is proposed to describe the nonlinear response and rupture of this new generation of spot welded assemblies. The weld connector model involves several parameters to be set. The remaining parameters are finally identified through a reverse engineering approach using mechanical responses of experimental tests presented in the first part of this work.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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