Structural-temporal approach for dynamic strength characterization of gabbro-diabase
1 Saint Petersburg State University, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
2 IPME RAS, Extreme States Dynamics Department, 199178 St. Petersburg, Russia
3 Lobachevski State University, 603950 Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
4 DynaMat Laboratory, University of Applied Sciences of Southern Switzerland, 6952 Canobbio, Switzerland
Published online: 7 September 2015
This paper presents some of the results of dynamic compression, splitting and direct-tensile tests of gabbro-diabase using two split Hopkinson bar apparatus. The results of laboratory experiments on specimens without and with notch for a wide range of loading parameters are given. Strength and deformation characteristics of gabbro-diabase were determined experimentally at high strain rates up to 103 s−1. Mechanical characteristics were found to be strongly depended on the strain rate. A uniform interpretation of the rate effects of fracture of the tested gabbro-diabase is given on the basis of structural-temporal approach based on a set of fixed material constants. It is shown that temporal dependences of both the compressive and tensile strengths of the tested material can be effectively calculated using the incubation time fracture criterion.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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