Behavior of metals Induced by magnetic pulse loading
1 IPME RAS, V.O., Bolshoy, 61, St. Petersburg 199178, Russia
2 Saint Petersburg state university, 7-9, Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg 199034, Russia
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2015
The investigation of copper and aluminum ring samples was carried out using magnetic pulse loading. Two modifications of the magnetic pulse technique were used. They were based on a GKVI-300 high-voltage narrow-pulse generator Morozov et al. (2011) . It is possible using these two approaches to decrease the period of the harmonic load up to 100 ns. The study of fracture surfaces of aluminum and copper samples after the test was carried out on an optical microscope Axio-Observer-Z1-M in a dark field, and study of the cross sections structure – in the bright field or C-DIC. The structure has been studied in cross sections after appropriate etching. Grain size and the number of pores on the surface of cross sections were determined after etching. Microhardness was measured on a PMT-3 device with a load of 20 g. The optical micrographs of aluminum demonstrate that the long pulse causes almost fully ductile fracture. In the case of the short pulse, the number of fibers decreases: the fracture surface exhibits the signs of both ductile cup fracture and brittle crystalline fracture with cracks, which are sometimes rather deep. In addition, the short pulse results in twinning, which seems surprising for aluminum featuring a high stacking fault energy. It is seen that under short loading dynamic recrystallization occurs. As for copper samples before loading they were in the form of single crystal and after loading their structure due to dynamic recrystallization consists of small grain. The specimen with notch has more developed dynamic recrystallization shear bands.
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