Evaluation of the performance of three elastomers for non-lethal projectile applications
1 CAD-CAE Consultants, 45 Horley Tce, Kilburn, South Australia, 5084, Australia
2 Centre of Excellence in Engineered Fibre Composites, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, 4350, Queensland, Australia
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2015
Less lethal kinetic ammunitions with soft noses such as eXact iMpact 1006, National Sports Spartan and B&T have been commonly used by military and law enforcement officers in the situations where lethal force is not warranted. In order to explore new materials to be used as nose in such ammunitions, a scholastic study using finite element simulations has been carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of two rubber like elastomers and a polyolefinic foam (low density, highly compressible, stiff and closed cell type of thermos plastic elastomer). State-of-the art thorax surrogate MTHOTA has been employed for the evaluation of blunt thoracic trauma. Force-rigid wall method was employed for the evaluation of head damage curves for each material. XM 1006 has been used as the benchmark projectile for the purpose of comparison. Both blunt thoracic trauma and head damage criterion point of view, both rubbers (R1 and R2) have yielded high values of VCmax and peak impact force. Polyolefinic foam (F1) considered in the study has yielded very promising VCmax values and very less peak impact force when compared with those of bench mark projectile XM 1006.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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