A viscoelastic-viscoplastic model for short-fibre reinforced polymers with complex fibre orientations
1 University of Valenciennes (UVHC), LAMIH UMR CNRS 8201, 59313 Valenciennes, France
2 National Engineering School of Sfax (ENIS), L2MP, BP. W3038, Sfax, Tunisia
3 University of Tunis El Manar, ENIT, MAI (LR11ES19), 1002 Tunis, Tunisia
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 7 September 2015
This paper presents an innovative approach for the modelling of viscous behaviour of short-fibre reinforced composites (SFRC) with complex distributions of fibre orientations and for a wide range of strain rates. As an alternative to more complex homogenisation methods, the model is based on an additive decomposition of the state potential for the computation of composite’s macroscopic behaviour. Thus, the composite material is seen as the assembly of a matrix medium and several linear elastic fibre media. The division of short fibres into several families means that complex distributions of orientation or random orientation can be easily modelled. The matrix behaviour is strain-rate sensitive, i.e. viscoelastic and/or viscoplastic. Viscoelastic constitutive laws are based on a generalised linear Maxwell model and the modelling of the viscoplasticity is based on an overstress approach. The model is tested for the case of a polypropylene reinforced with short-glass fibres with distributed orientations and subjected to uniaxial tensile tests, in different loading directions and under different strain rates. Results demonstrate the efficiency of the model over a wide range of strain rates.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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