Development and validation of model for sand
1 QinetiQ, Fort Halstead, Sevenoaks, Kent TN14 7BP, UK
2 QinetiQ, Bristol Business Park, Coldharbour Lane, Bristol BS16 1FJ, UK
3 Surface, Microstructure & Fracture Group Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Ave, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK
4 Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD, UK
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2015
There is a growing requirement within QinetiQ to develop models for assessments when there is very little experimental data. A theoretical approach to developing equations of state for geological materials has been developed using Quantitative Structure Property Modelling based on the Porter-Gould model approach. This has been applied to well-controlled sand with different moisture contents and particle shapes. The Porter-Gould model describes an elastic response and gives good agreement at high impact pressures with experiment indicating that the response under these conditions is dominated by the molecular response. However at lower pressures the compaction behaviour is dominated by a micro-mechanical response which drives the need for additional theoretical tools and experiments to separate the volumetric and shear compaction behaviour. The constitutive response is fitted to existing triaxial cell data and Quasi-Static (QS) compaction data. This data is then used to construct a model in the hydrocode. The model shows great promise in predicting plate impact, Hopkinson bar, fragment penetration and residual velocity of fragments through a finite thickness of sand.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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