Economics of electricity
Berlin University of Technology - TU 10587 Berlin, Germany
(*) Chair for Energy Systems, TU berlin. E-mail: Georg.firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 27 August 2015
The following text is an introduction into the economic theory of electricity supply and demand. The basic approach of economics has to reflect the physical peculiarities of electric power that is based on the directed movement of electrons from the minus pole to the plus pole of a voltage source. The regular grid supply of electricity is characterized by a largely constant frequency and voltage. Thus, from a physical point of view electricity is a homogeneous product. But from an economic point of view, electricity is not homogeneous. Wholesale electricity prices show significant fluctuations over time and between regions, because this product is not storable (in relevant quantities) and there may be bottlenecks in the transmission and distribution grids. The associated non-homogeneity is the starting point of the economic analysis of electricity markets.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
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