Quasiclassical Approximation in the Non-Relativistic and Relativistic Problems of Tunneling Ionization of a Hydrogen-Like Atom in a Uniform Electric Field
Department of Theoretical Physics, Uzhhorod National University, 54 Voloshyna Street, Uzhhorod, 88000, Ukraine
Published online: 9 February 2016
A recurrent scheme for finding the quasiclassical solution of the onedimensional equation obtained after the separation of variables in the Schrödinger equation in parabolic coordinates is derived. The method of quasiclassical localized states is developed for the Dirac equation with an arbitrary axially symmetric potential of barrier type which does not allow complete separation of the variables. By means of the proposed quasiclassical methods the non-relativistic and relativistic wavefunctions for hydrogenlike (H-like) atoms in an external uniform electrostatic field of intensity F are constructed in the classically forbidden and allowed regions. The general analytical expressions of the leading term of the asymptotic behaviour (at small F) of the ionization rate of an H-like atom in the uniform electrostatic field are obtained for the non-relativistic and relativistic cases.
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