Beta-decay spectroscopy of r-process nuclei around N = 126
1 Wako Nuclear Science Center (WNSC), Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies (IPNS), High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
2 University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0006, Japan
3 Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan
4 Seoul National University, Seoul, 151-742, Korea
5 Instituut voor Kern-en Stralingsfysica, KU Leuven, D. 3001 Leuven, Belgium
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 12 February 2016
KEK Isotope Separation System (KISS) has been developed at RIKEN to study the β-decay properties of neutron-rich isotopes with neutron numbers around N = 126 to understand the astrophysical site of r-process. These nuclei will be produced by multi-nucleon transfer reactions in neutron-rich heavy ion collisions between 136Xe beam and 198Pt target. The KISS consists of an argon gas cell combined with a laser resonance ionization technique for atomic number selection, of an ISOL mass-separation system and of a detector system for the β-decay spectroscopy of nuclei around N = 126. The argon gas cell of KISS is a key component for thermalizing (stopping and neutralizing) and accumulating the unstable nuclei, and selectively ionizing them by using laser. We have performed off-and on-line experiments to study the basic properties of the gas cell as well as KISS. We successfully extracted the laser-ionized stable 198Pt atoms from the KISS at the commissioning on-line experiments. We furthermore extracted laser-ionized unstable 199Pt atoms and confirmed that the measured half-life was in good agreement with the reported value. Now KISS is ready for lifetime measurements of Pt, Ir, and Os isotopes around N = 126.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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