Coarse particle support in turbulent flow of visco-plastic carrier
Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Thákurova 7, 166 29 Praha 6, Czech Republic
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Published online: 28 March 2016
The paper deals with a flow behaviour of mixture composed of coarse glass-bead particles and non-Newtonian carrying liquid of Herschel-Bulkley type in a pressurized pipe. Essentially, there are two mechanisms governing support of particles in the flowing carrier: mutual inter-particle collisions and interaction of particles with carrier turbulent eddies. The turbulent support is quantified by a turbulent-diffusion model, which predicts a distribution of concentration of particles in the flow. In the model, the particle turbulent diffusivity is an important parameter dependent on a number of flow quantities, e.g. the carrier rheological parameters. In case of Newtonian carrier, the viscosity is the only rheological parameter and it is constant throughout the flow. In the non-Newtonian carrier, however, local values of the viscosity vary with the shear strain and so affect the particle diffusivity. The paper discusses experimental and analytical results for non-Newtonian mixture flows of measured rheological parameters and flow characteristics. Based on measured concentration profiles, a suitable method is used to determine the local particle diffusivity experimentally.
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