Exploring dissipative processes at high angular momentum in 58Ni+60Ni reactions
Department of Nuclear Physics, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Acton, ACT 2601 Australia
1 Present address: Department of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, India 400005, India
2 Present address: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India 400085, India
3 Present address: National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, MI 48824 USA
Published online: 11 May 2016
Current coupled channels (CC) models treat fusion as a coherent quantum-mechanical process, in which coupling between the collective states of the colliding nuclei influences the probability of fusion in near-barrier reactions. While CC models have been used to successfully describe many experimental fusion barrier distribution (BD) measurements, the CC approach has failed in the notable case of 16O+208Pb. The reason for this is poorly understood; however, it has been postulated that dissipative processes may play a role. Traditional BD experiments can only probe the physics of fusion for collisions at the top of the Coulomb barrier (L = 0ħ). In this work, we will present results using a novel method of probing dissipative processes inside the Coulomb barrier. The method exploits the predicted sharp onset of fission at L ~ 60ħ for reactions forming compound nuclei with A < 160. Using the ANU’s 14UD tandem accelerator and CUBE spectrometer, reaction outcomes have been measured for the 58Ni+60Ni reaction at a range of energies, in order to explore dissipative processes at high angular momentum. In this reaction, deep inelastic processes have been found to set in before the onset fission at high angular momentum following fusion. The results will be discussed in relation to the need for a dynamical model of fusion.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences - SIF, 2016
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