Fusion measurements of 12C+12C at energies of astrophysical interest
1 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
2 Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
3 TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3, Canada
4 IPHC and CNRS, Université de Strasbourg, F-67037 Strasbourg, France
5 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94551, USA
6 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
7 Department of Physics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK
8 IN2P3-CNRS and University of Paris Sud, F-91405 Orsay-campus, France
9 Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904, Israel
10 Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou, China
* Present address: Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
Published online: 11 May 2016
The cross section of the 12C+12C fusion reaction at low energies is of paramount importance for models of stellar nucleosynthesis in different astrophysical scenarios, such as Type Ia supernovae and Xray superbursts, where this reaction is a primary route for the production of heavier elements. In a series of experiments performed at Argonne National Laboratory, using Gammasphere and an array of Silicon detectors, measurements of the fusion cross section of 12C+12C were successfully carried out with the γ and charged-particle coincidence technique in the center-of-mass energy range of 3-5 MeV. These were the first background-free fusion cross section measurements for 12C+12C at energies of astrophysical interest. Our results are consistent with previous measurements in the high-energy region; however, our lowest energy measurement indicates a fusion cross section slightly lower than those obtained with other techniques.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences - SIF, 2016
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