Characterization of Turbulent Processes by the Raman Lidar System Basil in the Frame of the HD(CP)2 Observational Prototype Experiment – Hope
1 Scuola di Ingegneria, Università degli Studi della Basilicata, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano n. 10, 85100 Potenza – Italy
2 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Roma “Sapienza”, Piazzale Aldo Moro, n. 2, 00100 Roma – Italy
3 Institut fuer Physik und Meteorologie, Universitaet Hohenheim, Hohenheim – Germany
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Published online: 7 June 2016
Measurements carried out by the Raman lidar system BASIL are reported to demonstrate the capability of this instrument to characterize turbulent processes within the Convective Boundary Layer (CBL). In order to resolve the vertical profiles of turbulent variables, high resolution water vapour and temperature measurements, with a temporal resolution of 10 sec and a vertical resolution of 90 and 210 m, respectively, are considered. Measurements of higher-order moments of the turbulent fluctuations of water vapour mixing ratio and temperature are obtained based on the application of spectral and auto-covariance analyses to the water vapour mixing ratio and temperature time series. The algorithms are applied to a case study (IOP 5, 20 April 2013) from the HD(CP)2 Observational Prototype Experiment (HOPE), held in Central Germany in the spring 2013. The noise errors are demonstrated to be small enough to allow the derivation of up to fourth-order moments for both water vapour mixing ratio and temperature fluctuations with sufficient accuracy.
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