Aerosol Layering Characterization Near the Gobi Desert by a Double Polarization Lidar System
1 BRIT, Beijing Research Institute for Telemetry, Beijing, P.R. China
2 CNISM and IMAA-CNR - C.da S. Loja 85050 Tito Scalo Potenza, Italy
3 CNISM and Dipartimento di Fisica – Università di Napoli “Federico II” – 80126 Napoli, Italy
4 CNISM and CNR-SPIN, – 80126 Napoli, Italy
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Published online: 7 June 2016
In order to carry out 4-D (space and time) analysis of the atmospheric aerosol distribution and to make a characterization of their properties and time evolution, a transportable multi-wavelength, Elastic/Raman scanning lidar system with angular scanning capability has been realized. The system uses a diode pumped Nd:YAG laser source, specifically designed for this device, and a receiving systems able to detect elastic signals at 355, 532 and 1064 nm and Raman signals at 386, 407 and 607 nm. It also allows to perform aerosol depolarization measurements at both 355nm and 532nm.
A first measurement campaign has been carried out in Dunhuang, North-West of China, in the region of the Gobi desert with the aims to study and characterize desert dust at source.
Optical properties of aerosol layers developing in the atmosphere have been analyzed and lidar data are discussed in terms of profiles of aerosol backscatter coefficient at 355nm, 532nm, aerosol extinction coefficient at 355nm, aerosol depolarization ratio at 355nm and 532nm and water vapor mixing ratio. Depolarization ratio measured simultaneously at two wavelengths allowed also to study its dependence on the wavelength.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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