Highlights of DAMA/LIBRA
1 Dip. di Fisica, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, I-00133 Rome, Italy
2 INFN, sez. Roma “Tor Vergata”, I-00133 Rome Italy
3 Dip. di Fisica, Università di Roma “La Sapienza”, I-00185 Rome Italy
4 INFN, sez. Roma, I-00185 Rome Italy
5 Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, I.N.F.N., Assergi, Italy
6 Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 918/3, 100049 Beijing China
7 Dip. di Ingegneria Civile e Ingegneria Informatica, Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”, I-00133 Rome Italy
8 University of Jing Gangshan, Jiangxi, China
Published online: 4 November 2016
The DAMA project develops and uses new/improved low background scintillation detectors to investigate the Dark Matter (DM) particle component(s) in the galactic halo and rare processes deep underground at the Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS) of the I.N.F.N.. Here some highlights of DAMA/LIBRA (Large sodium Iodide Bulk for Rare processes) as a unique apparatus in direct DM investigation for its full sensitive mass, target material, intrinsic radio-purity, methodological approach and all the controls performed on the experimental parameters are outlined. The DAMA/LIBRA–phase1 and the former DAMA/NaI data (cumulative exposure 1.33 ton × yr, corresponding to 14 annual cycles) have reached a model-independent evidence at 9.3 σ C.L. for the presence of DM particles in the galactic halo exploiting the DM annual modulation signature with highly radio-pure NaI(Tl) target. Some of the perspectives of the presently running DAMA/LIBRA–phase2 are summarised and the powerful tools offered by a model independent strategy of DM investigation are pointed out.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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