Thermalization and confinement in strongly coupled gauge theories
1 Crete Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Crete, Heraklion 71003, Greece
2 University of Colorado, Boulder CO 80309, USA
3 University of Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, APC, Paris F-75205, France
4 Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, UK
Published online: 4 November 2016
Quantum field theories of strongly interacting matter sometimes have a useful holographic description in terms of the variables of a gravitational theory in higher dimensions. This duality maps time dependent physics in the gauge theory to time dependent solutions of the Einstein equations in the gravity theory. In order to better understand the process by which “real world” theories such as QCD behave out of thermodynamic equilibrium, we study time dependent perturbations to states in a model of a confining, strongly coupled gauge theory via holography. Operationally, this involves solving a set of non-linear Einstein equations supplemented with specific time dependent boundary conditions. The resulting solutions allow one to comment on the timescale by which the perturbed states thermalize, as well as to quantify the properties of the final state as a function of the perturbation parameters. We comment on the influence of the dual gauge theory’s confinement scale on these results, as well as the appearance of a previously anticipated universal scaling regime in the “abrupt quench” limit.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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