Dyons and Roberge - Weiss transition in lattice QCD
1 School of Biomedicine, Far Eastern Federal University, 690950 Vladivostok, Russia
2 School of Natural Sciences, Far Eastern Federal University, 690950 Vladivostok, Russia
3 Institute for High Energy Physics NRC Kurchatov Institute, 142281 Protvino, Russia
4 Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics NRC Kurchatov Institute, 117218 Moscow, Russia
5 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, BLTP, 141980 Dubna, Russia
6 Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567-0047, Japan
7 Theoretical Research Division, Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako 351-0198, Japan
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 22 March 2017
We study lattice QCD with Nf = 2 Wilson fermions at nonzero imaginary chemical potential and nonzero temperature. We relate the Roberge - Weiss phase transition to the properties of dyons which are constituents of the KvBLL calorons. We present numerical evidence that the characteristic features of the spectral gap of the overlap Dirac operator as function of an angle modifying the boundary condition are determined by the Z3 sector of the respective imaginary chemical potential. We then demonstrate that dyon excitations in thermal configurations could be responsible (in line with perturbative excitations) for these phenomena.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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