Finite temperature and the Polyakov loop in the covariant variational approach to Yang-Mills Theory
Universität Tübingen, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tübingen, Germany
Published online: 22 March 2017
We extend the covariant variational approach for Yang-Mills theory in Landau gauge to non-zero temperatures. Numerical solutions for the thermal propagators are presented and compared to high-precision lattice data. To study the deconfinement phase transition, we adapt the formalism to background gauge and compute the effective action of the Polyakov loop for the colour groups SU(2) and SU(3). Using the zero-temperature propagators as input, all parameters are fixed at T = 0 and we find a clear signal for a deconfinement phase transition at finite temperatures, which is second order for SU(2) and first order for SU(3). The critical temperatures obtained are in reasonable agreement with lattice data.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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