Some Relations for Quark Confinement and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in QCD
1 Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawaoiwake, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8502, Japan
2 Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Wroclaw, PL-50204 Wroclaw, Poland
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Published online: 22 March 2017
We analytically study the relation between quark confinement and spontaneous chiral-symmetry breaking in QCD. In terms of the Dirac eigenmodes, we derive some formulae for the Polyakov loop, its fluctuations, and the string tension from the Wilson loop. We also investigate the Polyakov loop in terms of the eigenmodes of theWilson, the clover and the domain wall fermion kernels, respectively. For the confinement quantities, the low-lying Dirac/fermion eigenmodes are found to give negligible contribution, while they are essential for chiral symmetry breaking. These relations indicate no direct one-to-one correspondence between confinement and chiral symmetry breaking in QCD, which seems to be natural because confinement is realized independently of the quark mass.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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