Graviton mass bounds from an analysis of bright star trajectories at the Galactic Center
1 Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 117259 Moscow, Russia
2 Bogoliubov Laboratory for Theoretical Physics, JINR, 141980 Dubna, Russia
3 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), 115409 Moscow, Russia
4 North Carolina Central University, Durham NC, 27707, USA
5 Astronomical Observatory of Belgrade, Volgina 7, 11060, Belgrade, Serbia
6 Atomic Physics Laboratory (040), Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, University of Belgrade, P.O. Box 522, 11001 Belgrade, Serbia
Published online: 27 March 2017
In February 2016 the LIGO & VIRGO collaboration reported the discovery of gravitational waves in merging black holes, therefore, the team confirmed GR predictions about an existence of black holes and gravitational waves in the strong gravitational field limit. Moreover, in their papers the joint LIGO & VIRGO team presented an upper limit on graviton mass such as mg < 1.2 × 10−22 eV (Abbott et al. 2016). So, the authors concluded that their observational data do not show any violation of classical general relativity. We show that an analysis of bright star trajectories could constrain graviton mass with a comparable accuracy with accuracies reached with gravitational wave interferometers and the estimate is consistent with the one obtained by the LIGO & VIRGO collaboration. This analysis gives an opportunity to treat observations of bright stars near the Galactic Center as a useful tool to obtain constraints on the fundamental gravity law such as modifications of the Newton gravity law in a weak field approximation. In that way, based on a potential reconstruction at the Galactic Center we obtain bounds on a graviton mass.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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