Comparison of two fast neutron fluence measurement methods based on Np-237 fission-to-capture ratio measurement (spectral index) and a reverse dark current measurement in a planar silicon detector
1 National Centre for Nuclear Research, 05-400 Otwock-Świerk, Poland
2 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russia
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Published online: 27 March 2017
The idea of the first method is to search the neutron energy for the ratio of fission cross section to capture cross section of the selected actinide isotope from the nuclear data base that is equal to the measured ratio of the fissioned and captured actinide isotope Np-237.
The idea of the second method consists in the measurement of the reverse dark current increase, which is linearly proportional to neutron fluence, induced by the fast neutron irradiation in planar silicon detectors.
Np-237 samples and planar silicon detectors were placed inside a subcritical assembly (the Quinta assembly at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Russia) very close to each other assuming that in both samples the same neutron fluence should pass.
We concluded that minor actinide samples and planar silicon detectors can be used as neutron fluence detectors especially in the high neutron energy range, where measurements are difficult.
Considering the importance of high energy neutron measurement in the ADS (Accelerator Driven System), actinide and silicon detectors could be a very useful tool.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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