Dynamical weakening of pyroclastic flows by mechanical vibrations
1 Faculty of Physics. University of Seville, Ada. Reina Mercedes s/n, 41012 Seville, Spain
2 Laboratoire Magmas et Volcans. Université Blaise Pascal-CNRS-IRD, OPGC. 6 Avenue Blaise Pascal, TSA 60026-CS 60026, F-63178 Aubière, France
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Published online: 30 June 2017
Dynamical weakening of dense granular flows plays a critical role on diverse geological events such as seismic faulting and landslides. A common feature of these processes is the development of fluid-solid relative flows that could lead to fluidization by hydrodynamic viscous stresses. Volcanic ash landslides (pyroclastic flows) are characterized by their high mobility often attributed to fluidization of the usually fine and/or low-density particles by their interaction with the entrapped gas. However, the physical mechanism that might drive sustained fluidization of these dense granular flows over extraordinarily long runout distances is elusive. The behavior of volcanic ash in a slowly rotating drum subjected to mechanical vibrations shown in this work suggests that fluid-particle relative oscillations in dense granular flows present in volcanic eruption events can promote pore gas pressure at reduced shear rates as to sustain fluidization.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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