Investigations of formation of quasi-static vortex-structures in granular bodies using DEM
Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-952 Gdańsk, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 30 June 2017
The paper presents some two-dimensional simulation results of vortex-structures in cohesionless initially dense sand during quasi-static passive wall translation. The sand behaviour was simulated using the discrete element method (DEM). Sand grains were modelled by spheres with contact moments to approximately capture the irregular grain shape. In order to detect vortex-structures, the Helmholtz-Hodge decomposition of a flow displacement field from DEM calculations was used. This approach enabled us to distinguish both incompressibility and vorticity in the granular displacement field.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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