Testing the μ(I) granular rheology against experimental silo data
1 Institute of Fundamental Sciences, Massey University, New Zealand
2 Volcanic Risk Solutions, Massey University , New Zealand
3 School of Engineering and Advanced technology, Massey University, New Zealand
4 Institut Jean le Rond d’Alembert, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France
* e-mail: L.Fullard@Massey.ac.nz
Published online: 30 June 2017
Industrial storage of granular material using silos is common, however, improved understanding of silo flow is needed. Various continuum models attempt to describe the velocity of dense granular flow in silos. Kinematic, and recently, stochastic models, based upon the diffusion of some quantity, perform well when there is a single orifice, and when the yield criterion is satisfied. However, if system stresses are insufficient to satisfy the yield criterion, or if there is a second orifice, these models fail to capture the entire flow behaviour. Advances in granular rheology have allowed a pressure dependent friction law to be defined which can capture the behaviour of granular silo flow including un-yielded zones, flow-rate independence of fill height, the Beverloo flow-rate, and various other phenomena. We performed silo discharge experiments in a flat bottomed planar silo with a single and two adjacent orifices, for two grain types. The velocity was measured using Particle Image Velocimetry. Results were compared to a mathematical model based on the μ(I) rheology which was shown to qualitatively capture the observed phenomena including plug-like zones where the yield criterion is not satisfied. These preliminary results strongly encourage future investigations into the effect of friction parameters and numerical boundary conditions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.