Modeling of light dynamic cone penetration test – Panda 3 ® in granular material by using 3D Discrete element method
1 Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, Institut Pascal, F-63000, Clermont-Ferrand, France
2 Sol-Solution, Géotechnique Réseaux, Riom, France
Published online: 30 June 2017
The recent technological developments made on the light dynamic penetration test Panda 3 ® provide a dynamic load–penetration curve σp – sp for each impact. This curve is influenced by the mechanical and physical properties of the investigated granular media. In order to analyze and exploit the load-penetration curve, a numerical model of penetration test using 3D Discrete Element Method is proposed for reproducing tests in dynamic conditions in granular media. All parameters of impact used in this model have at first been calibrated by respecting mechanical and geometrical properties of the hammer and the rod. There is a good agreement between experimental results and the ones obtained from simulations in 2D or 3D. After creating a sample, we will simulate the Panda 3 ®. It is possible to measure directly the dynamic load–penetration curve occurring at the tip for each impact. Using the force and acceleration measured in the top part of the rod, it is possible to separate the incident and reflected waves and then calculate the tip’s load-penetration curve. The load–penetration curve obtained is qualitatively similar with that obtained by experimental tests. In addition, the frequency analysis of the measured signals present also a good compliance with that measured in reality when the tip resistance is qualitatively similar.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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