Erasure of memory in paste by irradiation of ultrasonic waves
1 Laboratory of Physics, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Funabashi 274-8501, Japan
2 Research Group of Physics, Division of Natural Sciences, Faculty of Nara Women’s University, Nara 630-8506, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 30 June 2017
Densely packed colloidal suspension, called paste, remembers the direction of applied forces, such as vibration and flow, and these memories kept in paste can be visualized as morphology of desiccation crack patterns. For example, when the paste remembers the direction of vibration, all primary cracks propagate in the direction perpendicular to the direction of initial vibration. On the other hand, when the paste remembers the direction of flow, all primary cracks propagate along the direction of initial flow. These results indicate that external forces imprint easy-breakable direction into paste as memories. Therefore, by controlling memories in paste, we can tune to produce various types of crack patterns, such as cellular, radial, lamellar, ring, spiral and lattice structures. Recently we have found that memories in paste can be erased by the irradiation of ultrasonic waves to paste as we obtain only isotropic and cellular crack patterns without any anisotropy related to memory effect. This method can be applied to increase the breaking strength of dried paste by homogenizing microstructure in paste.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.