Coupled flow and deformations in granular systems beyond the pendular regime
Université Grenoble Alpes, Laboratoire 3SR, UMR CNRS 5521 BP 53, 38041, Grenoble, France
Published online: 30 June 2017
A pore-scale numerical model is proposed for simulating the quasi-static primary drainage and the hydro-mechanical couplings in multiphase granular systems. The solid skeleton is idealized to a dense random packing of polydisperse spheres by DEM. The fluids (nonwetting and wetting phases) space is decomposed to a network of tetrahedral pores based on the Regular Triangulation method. The local drainage rules and invasion logic are defined. The fluid forces acting on solid grains are formulated. The model can simulate the hydraulic evolution from a fully saturated state to a low level of saturation but beyond the pendular regime. The features of wetting phase entrapments and capillary fingering can also be reproduced. Finally, a primary drainage test is performed on a 40,000 spheres of sample. The water retention curve is obtained. The solid skeleton first shrinks then swells.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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