Granular rheology: measuring boundary forces with laser-cut leaf springs
1 Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695, USA
2 Department of Physics, Haverford College, Haverford, PA 19041, USA
Published online: 30 June 2017
In granular physics experiments, it is a persistent challenge to obtain the boundary stress measurements necessary to provide full a rheological characterization of the dynamics. Here, we describe a new technique by which the outer boundary of a 2D Couette cell both confines the granular material and provides spatially- and temporally- resolved stress measurements. This key advance is enabled by desktop laser-cutting technology, which allows us to design and cut linearly-deformable walls with a specified spring constant. By tracking the position of each segment of the wall, we measure both the normal and tangential stress throughout the experiment. This permits us to calculate the amount of shear stress provided by basal friction, and thereby determine accurate values of μ(I).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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